23 Aug

Modi’s Europe tour: Will India’s FTA pragmatism bring EU out of its shell?

Modi's Europe tour: Will India's FTA pragmatism bring EU out of its shell?

Modi’s Europe tour: Will India’s FTA pragmatism bring EU out of its shell?

The wider trade and FTAs in particular are playing an increasingly important role in India’s diplomatic scene at a time when its benefits are being questioned in several capitals. Modi’s prime minister has shown a strong inclination to take advantage of the foreign sector to national economic growth.

It is therefore not surprising that even before reports in the negotiations on the CJPE (Regional Economic Partnership) has left the negotiations on the free trade agreement between India and the European Union (EU) began to appear. The problem is simple. The EU can really get out of its shell and move to an agreement. The context is provided by Brexit, prompting the UK to promote a trade agreement with independent India along with a contest for the EU and the victory of Mr Macron as president in France which would damage the island lobby in the EU.
It is these events that awaken the enthusiasm of an agreement when Prime Minister Modi leaves for a visit to Europe. Would there be significant progress in a free trade agreement with the EU? The six-day tour will begin May 29 with PM Modi traveling to Berlin, where he will meet with German Chancellor Angela Merkel. Special attention should be paid. The expectations of the FTA negotiations between India and the EU were high, even in the last trip of the PM in Brussels; Minister of Trade and Industry Ms Nirmala Sitharaman is also part of the delegation, but her counterpart did not attend the summit. In fact, later, the Minister tweeted. “In India We hope this discussion is resumed We wanted to resume as soon as possible, we want a conference.

As mentioned above, the environment has changed this time. European political leadership seems to be very open to the idea of a free trade agreement with India. The recent visit of Ms. Sitharaman Italy and an earlier visit by a delegation of Germany indications of political commitment. Given how other EU associations with the rest of the world were not too pronounced for the continent, there is a good indication that it would like to have deeper cooperation with India. But of course, there are concerns? Some of them are concerned about the EU as to whether wider integration with India would help their economies with the best of them grew by only 1.9%. The EU is concerned that currencies are so volatile, especially the euro? These are difficult questions, they make more significant because their bilateral trade with India has grown impressively. From US $ 55 billion in 2006 to US $ 96 billion in 2016. In these circumstances, we can examine the two specific areas of the FTA-eliminating stock.
Financial Services and Investments
The first is the proposed EU-India bilateral trade and investment agreement (BTIA). Since 2015, India has developed a new model in the BTIA, which includes a strong provision for fiscal risks in accordance with the laws of India. The new NAFTA negotiations must take these provisions into account for BTIA.

A related problem is banking, where conflicting positions have emerged. The EU has insisted that FDI liberalization is higher in retail and multi-brand insurance. However, even if the EU calls for the liberalization of India’s banking and financial sector and the opening of FDI in multi-brand retail trade, India has been bothered by the increased demand for market access mode 1 and Mode-4 (ie the movement of labor and people). None of them has made much progress so far.

09 Aug

Pakistan terror groups pose threat to our interests in India, Afghanistan: US spy chiefs

Pakistan terror groups pose threat to our interests in India, Afghanistan: US spy chiefs

Pakistan terror groups pose threat to our interests in India, Afghanistan: US spy chiefs

NEW DELHI: The US intelligence community is said to have informed Congress that Pakistan has failed to stop terrorist activities operating from its territory, a Pakistan-based daily Dawn reported.
“… and because of their failure, these (terrorist) groups (continue) will present a continuing threat to US interests in the region and will continue to plan and carry out attacks in India and Afghanistan,” said the report citing Intelligence of the United States.
“During a congressional hearing on Afghanistan and ongoing war against terrorist elements, intelligence chiefs would have given an honest assessment of the situation in Afghanistan to the war-torn Committee of the Senate,” the paper said.
A transcript published this weekend shows that while much of the debate has focused on Pakistan, we express concern that, despite a greater military effort to defeat the Taliban, militants will continue to make gains, especially in areas Rural areas of Afghanistan.
“The performance of the Afghan security forces is likely to increase due to a combination of Taliban operations, combat casualties, defections, poor logistics and weak leadership,” warned National Intelligence Director Dan Coats.
Coats runs a team of more than a dozen spy agencies, including the CIA and the FBI.
Illinois Republican Senator Joni Ernst Kay called on intelligence chiefs to indicate measures Washington would like neighbors to take to Kabul to help stabilize the region.
“I think definitely an assessment of how we work with Pakistan to deal with the situation of hosting terrorist groups would be essential for a strategy that affects Afghanistan,” said M. Coats.
“Because this is a potentially very damaging situation putting our own troops at risk and undermining the strategy to deal with local Taliban groups and try to undermine the government (Afghanistan). It is a very clear link I think I have to address In conjunction with everything that has been done in Afghanistan. ”
“In addition to more troops, whatever plan might be part of the plan we see, we have to implement a different strategy on the ground in Afghanistan.” Ernst Senator asked Lieutenant General of Defense, General Vincent Stewart.
“We have to get some things in. One, very clear, security and stability in Afghanistan is in the interest of all parts of the region and it is safe for Pakistan,” Stewart said.
“We must convince Pakistan that if they receive members of the Haqqani network, they are not interested in continuing to host the Haqqani network.”
Stewart also urged the Trump administration to work with Afghanistan’s neighbors to go after the 20 terrorist organizations remain active in the region.
“They threaten not only Afghanistan, but not just Pakistan, but the entire region,” he added.
Stewart also suggested “pushing” Pakistan to do more against the Haqqani network and urged lawmakers to “separate the Pashtun Taliban” because Pakistan wanted Pakistan-dominated Pashtun.
“So we need to resume the conversation with Pakistan on its part, not to house any of these terrorists, helping to stabilize Afghanistan and, I think, perhaps, we will have progress,” it was said.

“They consider all the challenges through the emergence of a threat from India to the state of Pakistan. So they organize terrorist organizations … so if Afghanistan is based in India, it no longer supports the idea of A stable and secure Afghanistan that could harm the interests of Pakistan, “he said.

15 Jul

Eman Ahmed, 330kg lighter, starts chewing food

Eman Ahmed, 330kg lighter, starts chewing food

Eman Ahmed, 330kg lighter,startschewing food

Almost four months after Egyptian patient Eman Ahmed left his home in Alexandria, his mother and niece arrived in Abu Dhabi to meet the 36-year-old who first began chewing his food after bariatric surgery in March of this year. The ability to swallow food and not rely on the feeding tube shows a significant improvement in its rehabilitation process. Eman suffers difficulty speaking and swallowing functions because of a stroke that also left his right side paralyzed.

“I pray to God to walk one day. She is clearly able to report the names of our close family members,” said her younger sister, Shaimaa Selim.
Eman was admitted to the Burjeel hospital earlier this month after his sister asked for medical VPS health care after a showdown with Saifee Hospital in Mumbai where eman underwent a three-month laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surgery.
According to Dr. Yassin Al Shahat, Medical Director of Burjeel Hospital Eman undergoes plastic surgery for redundant skin and corrective surgery for lower extremity deformity as a long-term treatment. “Any aortic valve replacement may be required,” Al Shahat said in a news release.
She continues to undergo a strict diet to lose weight, although doctors have not revealed her current weight.
Dr. Nehad Halawa, head of 20 specialists who deal with Iman said Eman is now able to show a movement in the leg that did not show up in the last two years. “She can also sit without support for some time. She looks at Arabic broadcasts on television to pass the time,” Selim said.
Eman weighed about 500 kg when he was raised through the air from Egypt to India for a weight reduction treatment. In three months, doctors at the Saifee hospital say their weight has risen to 170 kilograms.
Due to the constant physiotherapy, the movements of the right limbs are improving gradually, according to the doctors of the Burjeel hospital.
“The EEG made Saturday is normal, and the nerve conduction study gives hope to keep improving. The good news is that it eats over the last two days,” Al Shahat said in a statement.
According to doctors, Eman’s antiepileptic drugs have been modified as advanced medicines according to international guidelines. He suffered a stroke three years ago. In three months in Bombay, he suffered at least eight attacks

08 Jul

Slapping a Fancy Name on Nokia’s New Smartphone Cameras Won’t Make Them Good

Slapping a Fancy Name on Nokia's New Smartphone Cameras Won't Make Them Good

Slapping a Fancy Name on Nokia’s New Smartphone Cameras Won’t Make Them Good

Nokia smartphones have long been known to have large cameras. Conventional devices like N95 (2007) 808 PureView (2012) or Lumia 1020 (2013) both a camera technology on the market.

But will Nokia’s new Android smartphones be so impressive now that it makes HMD Global?

This week HMD Global has announced a partnership with the Zeiss camera that “aims to define new imaging standards in the smartphone industry.”

The partnership will cover various aspects of the camera experience on Nokia devices, including software, screen quality and optics.

While this sounds promising, since earlier Nokia phones were equipped with Zeiss lenses, it is important to recognize that as you market more than background.

No matter the quality of Nokia and Zeiss names, brands do nothing to improve the actual performance of a smartphone’s camera.

We have seen recently when the Leica brand cameras on the Huawei P9 demonstrated OEM garbage.

The components of the camera are obviously very important for smart phone cameras, but a brand name is not what makes them good.

What made the old Nokia models so good that they used the company’s image sampling technology, which gave the devices a competitive advantage in the oversaturated smartphones market.

Meanwhile, the iPhone and Galaxy S8 Samsung currently frame the package on the camera’s smart technology without any sign of the camera.

The new Global HMD smartphones may have the brand of Nokia and Zeiss lenses, but most of all, they do not have the DNA software that has made Nokia smartphones good cameras.

It will be interesting to see what specific smartphone HMD time decides to reveal more information about the new Nokia line.

So far, there has been a possibly filtered video rumored Nokia 9 with two rear cameras, but it does not have the Zeiss logo on the back. The new partnership could help HMD upgrade the model prior to its launch.

28 Apr

Internet of Things (IOT): A Vision, Future Directions and Challenges

 

Introduction

The Internet of Things represents a vision in which the Internet extends into the real world embracing every­day objects. Physical items are no longer disconnected from the virtual world, but can be controlled remotely and can act as physical access points to Internet services. An Internet of Things makes computing truly ubiquitous a concept initially put forward by Mark Weiser in the early 1990s. This development is opening up huge opportunities for both the economy and individuals. However, it also involves risks and undoub­tedly represents an immense tech­nical and social challenge.

The Internet of Things vision is grounded in the belief that the steady advances in microelectronics, com­munications and information tech­nology we have witnessed in recent years will continue into the fore­seeable future. In fact, due to their diminishing size, constantly falling price and declining energy consump­tion – processors, communications modules and other electronic com­ponents are being increasingly inte­grated into everyday objects today. ‘Smart’ objects play a key role in the Internet of Things vision, since embedded communication and infor­mation technology would have the potential to revolutionize the utility of these objects. Using sensors, they are able to perceive their context, and via built-in networking capabilities they would be able to communicate with each other, access Internet services and interact with people. ‘Digitally upgrading’ conventional object in this way enhances their physical function by adding the capabilities of digital objects, thus generating substantial added value. Forerunners of this development are already apparent today—more and more devices such as sewing machi­nes, exercise bikes, electric toothbru­shes, washing machines, electricity meters and photocopiers a re’being
‘computerized’ and equipped with network interfaces.

In other application domains, Internet connectivity of everyday objects can be used to remotely deter­mine their state so that information systems can collect up-to-date infor­mation on physical objects and processes. This enables many aspects

of the real world to be ‘observed’ at a previously unattained level of detail and at negligible cost. This would not only allow for a better understanding of the underlying processes, but also far more efficient control and mana­gement . The ability to react to events in the physical world in an automatic, rapid and informed manner not only

Manufacturing Quick response to fluctuations in demand; maximized operational efficiency, safety and reliability, using smart sensors and digital control systems. Enhanced agility and flexibility, reduced energy consumption and carbon footprint.
Retail Stock-out prevention through connected and intelligent supply chains. Ability to predict consumer behaviour and trends, using data from video surveillance cameras, social media, internet and mobile device usage.
Supply Chain Real-time tracking of parts and raw materials, which Reduced working capital requirements, improved efficie-
helps organisations preempt problems, address demand fluctuations and efficiently manage all stages of manu­facturing. ncies and avoidance of dis­ruptions in manufacturing.
Infrastructure Smart lighting, water, power, fire, cooling, alarms and structural health systems. Environmental benefits and significant cost savings with better utilization of resources and preventive maintenance of critical systems.
Oil and Gas Smart components. Reduced operating casts and fuel consumption.
Insurance Innovative services such as pay-as-you-go insurance. Significant cost savings for both insurers and consumers.
Utilities Smart grids and meters. More responsive and reliable services; significant cost savings for both utilities and consumers resulting from demand-based and dynamic pricing features.
Source : Ericsson, M2M Magazine 2013, Zebra Consulting/Forester Research, IBM, McKinsey & Co. Data informed, ZDNet.

opens up new opportunities for deal­ing with complex or critical situa­tions, but also enables a wide variety of business processes to be optimized. The real-time interpretation of data from the physical world will most likely lead to the introduction of various novel business services and may deliver substantial economic and social benefits. The use of the word ‘Internet’ in the catchy term ‘Internet of Things’ which stands for the vision outlined above can be seen as either simply a metaphor—in the same way that people use the Web today, things will soon also communicate with each other, use services, provide data and thus generate added value—or it can be interpreted in a stricter tech­nical sense, postulating that an IP protocol stack will be used by smart things (or at least by the ‘proxies’, their representatives on the network).

Getting IoT Ready

Preparing the lowest layers of technology for the horizontal nature of the IoT requires manufacturers to deliver on the most fundamental challenges, including:

  • Connectivity : There will not be one connectivity standard that ‘wins’ over the others. There will be a wide variety of wired and wireless standards as well as proprietary implementations used to connect the things in the IoT. The challenge is getting the connectivity standards to talk to one another with one common worldwide data currency.
  • Power Management : More

things within the IoT will be battery powered or use energy harvesting to be more portable and self-sustaining. Line- powered equipment will need to be more energy efficient. The challenge is making it easy to add power management to these devices and equipment. Wireless charging will incorporate con­nectivity with charge manage­ment.

  • Security : With the amount of data being sent within the IoT, security is a must. Built-in hard­ware security and use of existing connectivity security protocols is essential to secure the IoT. Another challenge is simply educating consumers to use the security that is integrated into their devices.
  • Complexity : Manufacturers are looking to add connectivity to devices and equipment that has never been connected before to become part of the IoT. Ease of design and development is essential to get more things con­nected especially when typical RF programming is complex. Additionally, the average con­sumer needs to be able to set up and use their devices without a technical background.
  • Rapid Evolution : The IoT is constantly changing and evolv­ing. More devices are being added every day and the indus­try is still in its nascent stage. The challenge facing the industry is the unknown devices, unknown applications, unknown use cases. Given this, there needs to be flexibility in all facets of deve­lopment. Processors and micro­controllers that range from 16- 1500 MEIz to address the full spectrum of applications from a microcontroller (MCU) in a small, energy-harvested wireless sensor node to high-performance, multi-core processors for IoT infrastructure. A wide variety of wired and wireless connectivity technologies are needed to meet the various needs of the market. Last, a wide selection of sensors, mixed-signal and power-mana­gement technologies are required to provide the user interface to the IoT and energy-friendly designs

Compelling Benefits of IoT

IoT offers compelling business

benefits and value that organizations

cannot afford to ignore including cost

savings, improved revenues and

opportunities to innovate.

  • Cost Savings : Costs can be reduced through improved asset utilization, process efficiencies and productivity. Customers and organizations can benefit from improved asset utilization (g smart meters that eliminate manual meter readings) and service improvements (e.g., remote monitoring of patients in clinical settings). General Electric has estimated that if intelligent machines and analytics caused even a tiny reduction in fuel, capital expenditures and ineffi­ciencies, it would result in billions of dollars in cost savings.
  • Improved Asset Utilization

With improved tracking of asse: (machinery, equipment, took etc.) using sensors and connect vity, businesses can benefit fror real-time insights and visibility into their assets and suppL chains. For instance, they coul: more easily locate assets and rur preventive maintenance on crit- cal pieces of infrastructure an; machinery to improve through put and utilization.

  • Efficient Processes : Organiza­tions can use real-time opera­tional insights to make smarter business decisions and reduct operating costs. They can use real-time data from sensors an: actuators to monitor and improve process efficiency, reduce energ. costs and minimize human inter­vention.
  • Improved Productivity : Pro­ductivity is a critical parameter that affects the profitability or any organization. IoT improver organizational productivity h offering employees just-in-tirr training, reducing the mismatc: of required available skill: and improving labour efficiency

Future of IoT

The acceleration of IoT from loft concept to reality is predicated or the projected exponential growth c: smart devices and the confluence or low-cost infrastructure, connectivity and data. Declining device costs widespread and pervasive connecti­vity, and an ever-increasing focus or operational efficiency and producti­vity is leading to wide deployment or IoT splutions. In a 2012 survey b Zebra Consulting and Forester, only 15% of organizations had an IoT solution in place, but more than hah (53%) had plans to implement one ir. the next two years, and an additional 14% planned to implement in the next two to five years. Roughly 21’c of respondents from the transporta­tion and logistics sector indicated tha: an IoT solution was already in place.

  • Billions of Smart Devices are Becoming Connected : The num­ber of connected smart devices is exploding, with 50 billion devi­ces possible by 2020. Similarly machine-to-machine (M2M connections which are a key pan of the fabric of IoT are also or

PD/April/2016/98         “Hard work without talent is a shame, but talent without hard work is a tragedy.”

01 Apr

SPECIAL ON to ^INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

 

Tentative Calendar of Examinations for CWE-VI for Participating Organizations

(1) PSBs—CWE PO/MT-VI and CWE Clerk-VI

The tentative dates are as follows :

CWE PO/MT-VI Preliminary 16.10.2016, 22.10.2016 and
Examination 23.10.2016
Main Examination 20.11.2016
CWE Clerk-VI Preliminary 26.11.2016,27.11.2016,
Examination 03.12.2016 and 4.12.2016
Main Examination 31.12.2017 and 1.1.2017
(2) PSBs—CWE Specialist-VI
There will be singlt examination and the tentative dates are as follows :
CWE Specialist-VI Single Examination 28.1.2017 and 29.1.2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following media is not used in wireless communi­cation ?
  • Radio waves
  • Microwaves
  • Satellites
  • Macrowaves
  1. The wired communication chan­nel is also known as—
  • Guided medium
  • Guided media
  • Wired media
  • All of the above
  1. Which type of media is used in cables of television transmission ?
  • Twisted pair
  • Coaxial cable
  • Optical fibre
  • Satellite
  1. The set of rules, that coordinates with the exchange of informa­tion, is called—
  • Protocol
  • Software
  • Modem
  • URL
  1. Which type of protocol is used by www to transmit data ?
  • HTTP
  • IP
  • TCP
  • UDP
  1. The measure of the amount of information that can be trans­mitted in a fixed period of time is called—
  • Band
  • Bandwidth
  • Rate
  • Speed
  1. What is the unit of the rate of communication of data on the channel ?
  • pbs
  • bbs
  • bsp
  • bps . ‘
  1. Which type of multimedia is used in digital libraries and video mail ?
  • Integrated multimedia
  • Interactive multimedia
  • Linear multimedia
  • Non-linear multimedia
  1. The quality of service provided by narrow band ISDN is—
  • Poor
  • Good
  • Better
  • Worst
  1. Which of the following cannot be regarded as multimedia ?
  • A type of slide programme
  • A CD-ROM with text and visuals
  • Microfilm
  • A wavepage
  1. The layers of OSI reference model are also called—
  • Modules
  • Models
  • Labels
  • Levels
  1. In how many ways can the swit­ching system be established ?
  • Two
  • Four
  • Three
  • Five
  1. What is the name of the software which is an augmented version of CDS/ISIS ?
  • Soul
  • Sanjay
  • Liberator
  • Librarian
  1. Which type of protocol is used by interface for Public Data Network (PDN) ?
  • 25
  • 12
  • 13
  • 20
  1. What is used to support higher data rates in broadband ISDN ?
  • Twisted pair
  • Coaxial cable
  • Insulated cable
  • Optical fibre cable
  1. OSI reference model was imple­mented by—
  • ISO
  • OSI
  • UNESCO
  • ALA
  1. DELNET, ADINET, PUNET, … are the examples of—

(A)    LANs        (B)    MANs

(C)    WANs       (D)    ALA

  1. What type of protocol TCP is ?
  • Reliable
  • Unreliable
  • Good
  • Better
  1. What name is given to the network which covers the area of a state, region, nation or even the whole world ?

(A)‘    LAN         (B)    MAN

(C)    WAN         D)     IN

  1. Which of the following is not a characteristic of the software ?
  • Reliability
  • Efficiency
  • Functionality
  • Suitability

Test Your Knowledge

Answers

1. (D) 2. (C) 3. (A) 4. (A) 5- (D)
6. (B) 7. (A) 8. (A) 9. (C) 10. (A)
11. (A) 12. (D) 13. (A) 14. (A) 15. (C)
16. (B) 17. (B) 18. (B) 19. (A) 20. (C)
21. (D) 22. (D) 23. (B) 24. (B) 25. (C)
26. (A) 27. (A) 28. (D) 29. (C) 30. (B)
31. (A) 32. (A) 33. (A) 34. (C) 35. (C)
P.Darpan

 

 

  • Pakistan talks Kashmir, India seeks access to ‘abducted naval officer Jadhav.

India also seeks proper trial of the alleged perpetrators o the Mumbai attacks.

Foreign Secretaries level talks between India anc Pakistan were held in New Delhi on April 26, 2016. Indi used its first high-level contact with Pakistan since th January 2 attack on the Pathankot airbase to send out clear message that Pakistan must crack down on terro groups operating from* its soil instead of being in ‘denial’ on terrorism.

During talks with his Pakistani counterpart, Aizaz Ahmad Chaudhary,

India’s foreign secre­tary S. Jaishankar also sought ‘early and visible progress’ in Pakistan probe Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar and his] into the Pathankot Pakistani counterpart Aizaz Ahmad attack and the trial of Chaudhary at South Block in New]

,i „              ,            , Delhi on April 26,2016.

the alleged perpetra­tors of the Mumbai attacks.

Bilateral contact between the two countries were stalled after the Pathankot airbase attack, blamed on the Jaishe-Mohammed (JeM) by India. Seven security person­nel of India were killed in the attack.

PM Christens the system NAVIC, after mariners and
fishermen.

India’s own navigational system, the set-up for which was completed on April 28, 2016 with the launch of the seventh and final satellite, will be called NAVIC (Naviga­tion with Indian Constellation). It was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi after the launch.

The seventh and final satellite of the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System, the IRNSS-1G, was launched into a sub-geosynchronous transfer orbit with a perigee (nearest point to the earth) of 284 km and an apogee (farthest point to the earth) of 20, 657 km. The satellite was launched on board the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) which took off from the Sriharikota launch pad at 12-50 p.m. on April 28, 2016.

With this launch, the IRNSS constellation of seven satellites is now complete. This will allow the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) to focus on the process of designing front end chips which will receive the navigational signals sent out by the satellites. The system will be similar to the Global Positioning System (GPS) operated by the United States with 24 satellites and the Glonass, Galileo and BeiDou systems of Russia, Europe and China respectively.’1