29 May

Pharmacists to protest setting up of e-portal to regulate medicine sales

Pharmacists to protest setting up of e-portal to regulate medicine sales

CHENNAI: On the occasion of their protest against the proposal of the central Ministry of Health to create an electronic portal to regulate the sale of medicines, pharmacists in Chennai, Madurai and Karur wear a black label on Tuesday. However, pharmacists have decided not to participate in the Gaza Strip called by the All-India Organization of Chemicals and Drugs (AIOCD) Tuesday.
The administrative secretary of Tamil Nadu, the Association of Chemists and Pharmacists T Natarajan, who led the annual general meeting on Sunday, said: “We are not going to close pharmacies on Tuesday, Secretary of State. Will submit a memorandum to the Central Health Ministry says that the establishment of an electronic portal is not viable for Tamil Nadu chemists. ”
The latest review

It is useless to protest against electronic portals and yes, as indicated, certain issues should be addressed in the management of rural areas and so that the layout of the facility may be asked.
There are 5,000 pharmacies in Chennai, of which about 1,000 are managed by companies. The remaining 4,000 pharmacies are run by people and are represented by the Druggists and Association (District of Madras). Natarajan, who is also the general secretary of the district association of Madras, said: “The establishment of an electronic portal to regulate the sale of medicines is not possible without the great modernization of infrastructure, certainly not possible in rural areas , Since there is no Internet access. ”
According to the proposal, an autonomous body will develop and maintain the electronic platform in which manufacturers of medicines, wholesalers, distributors, wholesalers, pharmacies and authorized electronic pharmacies must register.

29 May

Results of Juno mission challenge our understanding of Jupiter

Results of Juno mission challenge our understanding of Jupiter

Results of Juno mission challenge our understanding of Jupiter

Ten months after their arrival on Jupiter, Juno’s mission to NASA began to provide – forcing scientists to evaluate how they felt about the giant planet. Juno’s earliest discoveries, published in Science, indicate that many aspects of Jupiter’s expectations defied – including the strength of its magnetic field, the shape of its nucleus, the distribution of ammonia, and time at its poles. This is certainly an exciting time to be a Jupiter scientist.

Juno arrived in Jupiter in July 2016 and began a long orbit loop that has moved away from the planet before retiring to its first scientific (perijove) on August 27. That is the fugitive collection that the new studies are based on. Today, despite the initial problems with the Juno engine and spacecraft software, the mission moved to a regular pattern of about 53.5 days – the sixth overview of May 19, the seventh is the 11th July.
Mysteries at the bottom

One of Juno’s main strengths is his ability to monitor roofing clouds to study the gas below, such as ammonia-forming clouds. The flow of ammonia forms the distinctive characteristics of Jupiter. It was expected that the gas would mix well, or soaked, in the highest cloud. This idea has turned upside down – the concentration of ammonia is much less than expected.

In an intriguing way, a large part of the ammonia is concentrated in an equatorial plume, from the depth of ceilings cloud Jupiter due to powerful drilling force. Scientists compare this to Earth’s Hadley cell, with dredge ammonia plumes hundreds of miles below.

We know that ammonia is upgraded to Jupiter’s equator for a while, but we did not know how deep this column is. However, it is important to remember that this is just the location on Jupiter and terrestrial infrared observations suggest that the pen may not be as strong elsewhere in the Jupiter equator, but could be uneven. Only with more périvove passes, we begin to understand the strange dynamics of the tropics of Jupiter.

We have never been able to see that before, even the first observations of Juno microwave instruments provide a lot of new ideas. These show that the band structure we see on the surface is really just the tip of the iceberg – Jupiter exhibits bands up to 350 km. It is much deeper than Jupiter’s generally considered “time layer” in the top ten kilometers. On the other hand, this structure is not the same as the bottom – which varies with depth, indicating a large and complex traffic pattern.

Gravity and magnetic fields

Surprises do not end here. Juno can deepen the planet by controlling small adjustments to the orbit of the spacecraft with the gravity field of Jupiter’s interior. Ultimately, these will be used to evaluate the core of Jupiter, although this can not be done in a single pass of perijove. Most scientists believe that the planet has a dense nucleus composed of ten times the Earth’s mass of heavier elements and occupies a small fraction of the radius. But the new measurements are incompatible with any previous model – perhaps suggesting a “spongy” nucleus scattered in the middle of the Jupiter radius.

In fact, the interior of Jupiter seems to be anything but uniform. Remember that scientists have spent years developing models of the interior of Jupiter on the basis of scattered data taken over great distances. Juno is testing these models to the extreme because he flies so close.

Jupiter has the most intense planetary magnetic field in the solar system, there is a buildup of wind, where the solar wind (known as the name of shock arc) slows down. Juno first crossed this region and in the Jovian magnetosphere June 24th. At its closest approach, Jupiter’s magnetic field strength was twice as strong as any predicted and much more irregular model.

29 May

Chinese space telescope to observe ‘big eaters’

Chinese space telescope to observe ‘big eaters’

Chinese space telescope to observe ‘big eaters’

China’s new space telescope will take into account many mysteries of the universe, including “big eaters” – active nuclei of galaxies to the farthest reaches of the universe. Scientists have discovered that almost all galaxies have a black hole with a mass of several million supermassiform to several billion times that of the Sun in the center. With its strong gravitational pull, supermassive black holes gobble up surrounding gas and dust, Xinhua news agency reported.
When a black hole overflows too much, the excess material becomes two jet stream perpendicular to the accretion disk of the black hole, which is like a greedy with an inflated abdomen. The jet stream and the accretion disk of the black hole generators strong enough supermassive x-rays to billion light-years travel. These galaxies have very bright nuclei – so bright that the central region may be brighter than the remaining galaxy. Scientists call them active galactic nuclei.

The hard X-ray modulation of the telescope (HXMT), developed by Chinese scientists, will observe some active galactic nuclei. “Since the active nuclei of galaxies are very far from Earth, our telescope can only detect the brightest,” said Zhang Shuangnan, senior scientist and director of HXMT key Particle Astrophysics Laboratory of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CASO) . On Monday. The great dining rooms are full of mysteries. Scientists have discovered that the double-jet phenomenon is very common in galaxies with active galactic nuclei, but I do not understand why super-massive black holes can not cover any matter that falls into them.
Black holes are very different black holes of stellar mass, which form when the collapse of very massive stars at the end of their life cycle. Scientists still do not know how to form supermassive black holes and grow, which is a key to understanding the evolution of galaxies. Observing HXMT should help scientists see the central zone near the horizon of events supermassive black holes in the center of active galaxies and gather information on the extremely strong gravitational fields, Zhang added.

29 May

NASA discovers yet another mode of ice loss in Greenland

NASA discovers yet another mode of ice loss in Greenland

NASA discovers yet another mode of ice loss in Greenland

A new study by three NASA scientists found another cause of glacial collapse. The discovery suggests that ice on the Rink glacier, Greenland, does not rely only on faster than usual, glided through the interior of the glacier into a gigantic wave. This is similar to a heated heater slides out of its plastic housing.

The initial objective of the study, to accurately track the mass loss of an ice melting glacier by horizontal motion of a GPS sensor, led to this discovery. The team used single sensor data on the Greenland GPS network (GNET), located at the bottom of the rock beside the Rink glacier.

The researchers looked at the wave pattern in GPS data for 2010, the second hottest recorded in Greenland. Although they do not quantify the exact size and speed of the wave in the year 2010, the GPS data movement patterns indicate that it must have been less than the 2012 wavelength, but similar in speed.

Scientists theorize that previously known processes have been combined for mass movements so quickly. The huge volume of water lubricates the base of the glacier, allowing it to move faster, and the lateral margins softened as the glacier flows into rock or stationary ice. These changes have allowed the ice to slide downstream so quickly that the ice later inside the interior could not be maintained.

“We know for certain that the triggering mechanism was the melting of the surface of snow and ice, but we do not fully understand the complex processes that generate solitary waves,” said JPL scientist Surendra Adhikari, who led the study according to The space agency, the wave was not detected by the usual methods. The usual method is to measure glaciers of thinning with an air radar.

Pista is one of Greenland’s main outlets in the ocean, which drain some 11 billion tonnes of ice per year. However, during the summer of 2012, it lost 6 million million additional pieces in the form of a solitary wave. The loss of long pulse mass, called a solitary wave, is the new discovery. This could increase the potential for ice loss in Greenland supported as the climate warms up.
The study, published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, describes the new discovery in detail.

29 May

NASA Lunar observation craft hit by meteoroid

NASA Lunar observation craft hit by meteoroid

NASA Lunar observation craft hit by meteoroid

In an extremely unlikely sequence of events, a camera on a NASA machine equipped with three cameras was struck by a meteorologist compiling an image, researchers determined. The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter called RSO was reached in 2014.
The researchers noticed that something was wrong when the ship taking pictures of the surface of the moon sent a strange image to the earth. The spacecraft is in orbit, so it takes images from one line at a time to adjust the motion and uses thousands of images online to compile a complete image.
The strange image that the RPG has returned to Earth after being struck by a meteorologist. Photo: NASA
The images are usually very detailed and high quality, so when the researchers got the unusual picture above, they began to work on what went wrong. Altering the image can be seen in light waves of the photo that are more serious in the center of the photo.
The researchers determined that the camera used to take the picture would be affected by something directly, possibly a meteorologist, when taking the photo. The researchers tested the cameras under turbulent conditions to ensure that take-off and launch would not have any detrimental effect on them. Using the same simulation used to test the cameras before takeoff, they have been tested under different conditions to try to reproduce the photo they had received from space, according to NASA.
A bullet hole – a small stone of the universe passed through our solar system. Glad to have lost his helmet. Pic.twitter.com/iBHFVfp1p8
– Chris Hadfield (@ Cmdr_Hadfield) April 29, 2013
What is a météoroute?
A meteorologist is about any piece of rock or iron that travels through space. They are smaller than asteroids and are generally small pieces that have broken the larger masses. Moons can also come off sometimes. When a meteorologist enters the atmosphere and breaks from Earth, it is called a meteor star or shot. They usually burn in the atmosphere, but if they do not, and just land on Earth, they are called meteorites.
This helped them determine the size of the meteorologist who also hit. He finally came to the conclusion that he was likely to size his head about half a hairpin and travel faster than a bullet is.
This event is so rare because the work only takes images in period brightness and even if it exceeds ten percent of that time image capture, according to Mark Robinson, principal investigator at the loom.
The RSO is still in space orbiting and gathering information because the event did not cause potential damage to the spacecraft or hindered it beyond the occasional photographic disturbance function.
“Given that the impact has not presented any technical problem to the health and safety of the instrument, the team only announce this as a fascinating example of how you can use the engineering data unexpectedly,” said John Keller, LRO A science project, according to NASA.
In 2013, an astronaut of the International Space Station Twitter a photo of the station a small hole in one of the solar panels of the station. The “bullet hole” that Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield called was caused by a small meteor.
The ISS can navigate off the path of large asteroids if necessary, but we expect it to be hit with small space debris every few months, to Space.com a NASA spokesman. NASA scientists also spend time hunting large pieces of debris so that the ISS can prepare or move in a large amount of time if needed.

29 May

World’s first infrared telescope to decode universe mysteries

World's first infrared telescope to decode universe mysteries

World’s first infrared telescope to decode universe mysteries

The largest optical and infrared telescope in the world is being built in Chile, which will help scientists understand the inner workings of the universe.

With a primary mirror of 39 meters in diameter, the European Southern Observatory (ESO) builds Extremely Large Telescope (ELT).

Unlike any before, ELT is designed to be an adaptive telescope and has the ability to set atmospheric turbulence by taking the engineering telescope to a new level.

The future giant telescope installed in the year 2024 was built on the top of Cerro Armazones, a mountain peak 3046 meters in Chile.

Scientists at Oxford University play a key role in the project and are responsible for the design and construction of the spectrograph; “HARMONI”, an instrument designed to take pictures simultaneously 4000, each of a slightly different color.

The visible and near-infrared adaptive optics instrument operates the telescope to provide very sharp images.

“HARMONI” will allow scientists to form a more detailed picture of the formation and evolution of objects in the universe.

This will help researchers see everything from planets to our own solar system and stars in our own galaxy and nearby, with unprecedented depth and precision, formation and evolution of galaxies that have never been observed before.

“The ELT is a major step forward in capability, and that means we will use to find many interesting things about the universe that we do not have knowledge of today,” said Niranjan Thatte, principal investigator of ‘HARMONI’ and professor of astrophysics In the physics department of Oxford.

“This is the element of” the exploration of the unknown “that most excites me about the ELT. It will be an engineering piece, and its size and light weight will harm all the other telescopes we have built so far,” said Thatte.

“ELTs produce discoveries that we simply can not imagine today and certainly inspire many people in the world to think about science, technology and our place in the universe,” said Tim DE Zeeuw, CEO of ESO.

08 May

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